National Report (Through September 2021)
11/18/21 – From March 19, 2020 to September 30, 2021, a total of 10,370 hate incidents against Asian American and Pacific Islander (AAPI) persons were reported to Stop AAPI Hate (SAH). Of the hate incidents reflected in this report, 4,599 occurred in 2020 (44.4%) and 5,771 occurred in 2021 (55.7%).
This national report features: (1) descriptions of 10,370 hate incidents from Stop AAPI Hate data; (2) key findings from a nationally-representative survey conducted from September 21, 2021 to October 8, 2021; and (3) three emerging focus areas reflecting our commitment to AAPI communities.
The report also includes new details reflecting the data standards established in Documenting Anti-AAPI Codebook, which was produced by SAH in collaboration with The Asian American Foundation, and provides a list of terms relevant to anti-AAPI hate.
- A nationally-representative survey conducted by SAH and the Edelman Data & Intelligence Team estimates that nearly one in five Asian Americans (21.2%) and Pacific Islanders (20.0%) have experienced a hate incident the past year.
- According to SAH data, verbal harassment (62.9%) and shunning (16.3%) — the deliberate avoidance of Asian Americans and Pacific Islanders — continue to make up the biggest share of total incidents reported.
- Physical assault (16.1%) comprises the third largest category of total reported incidents followed by online harassment (8.6%).
- Civil rights violations — e.g., workplace discrimination, refusal of service, being barred from transportation, and housing-related discrimination — account for 11.3% of total incidents.
- A majority of incidents take place in spaces open to the public. Public streets (31.2% of incidents) and businesses (26.8% of incidents) remain the top sites of anti-AAPI hate.
- Hate incidents reported by women make up 62.0% of all reports.
- Youth (0 to 17 years old) report 9.9% of incidents and seniors (61 years old and older) report 7.1% of the total incidents.
- Chinese report the most hate incidents (42.7%) of all ethnic groups, followed by Korean (16.1%), P/Filipinx (9.0%), Japanese (8.2%), and Vietnamese (7.8%).
National Survey Reveals 1 in 5 Experienced a Hate Incident the Past Year
While these first-hand reports from Stop AAPI Hate identify trends facing AAPI communities; they only reflect a small number of the hate incidents occurring nationwide. To complement our community-based data about anti-AAPI hate, we collaborated with the Edelman Data & Intelligence Team to conduct a nationally-representative survey with more than 1,000 AAPI respondents. The survey was administered online from September 21, 2021 to October 8, 2021.
- One in five Asian Americans (AAs; 21.2%) and Pacific Islanders (PIs; 20.0%) have experienced a hate incident the past year. Nationally, this translates to an estimated 4.8 million Asian Americans and 320,000 Pacific Islanders.
- Since 2020, 8.3% of AA and 9.4% of PI respondents indicated that they have experienced multiple hate incidents while 12.8% of AA and 10.6% of PI respondents indicated that they have experienced a hate incident. In addition to those who experienced direct racism, 13.6% of AA and 15.6% of PI respondents indicated that someone they were close to experienced racism.
- AA respondents with high school education reported experiencing twice the rate of hate incidents (41.2%) compared to those with at least some college education (19.8%) and those with a BA or higher degree (13.8%).